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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

                                                                                                                                                                                                   By:Sampark Sampad[1]


“Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” is an initiative initiated by India’s government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Haryana on 22 January 2015. In an attempt to make transitions to a female society in the mere mind of the Indians, this movement focused primarily on empowering women and children’s rights. India has a sex ratio of 943 women to 1,000 men. These horrifying figures have now become a major problem for seeking a spouse primarily in regions such as Delhi and Haryana. ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ (BBBP) is a social movement initiated by the Government of India to raise awareness and boost the effectiveness of the various welfare services proposed for girls. The scheme aims to resolve the issue of decreasing CSR (Child Sex Ratio) image and is a national programme run in collaboration with the Ministry of Human Resources Development, the Ministry of Women and Child Development and the Ministry of Health and Family  Welfare.[2]
Now, with that kind of initiative. The sex ratio has risen to 950 females per 1,000 males. As BJP is the running party, we now have many women police officers from the previous 6% to 8.5 in such a short span of time. The government gives the highest priority to the standard of education infrastructure, empowering more and more girls to change their future and fulfil their dreams. Reports showing students’ inability in class 1 to class 10 have now been taken into account that a new examination system has been set up to introduce improved knowledge of subjects and a comprehensive understanding of them. Presenting their first edition with over 6000 downloads, we can now access the BBBP campaign’s specifics in the app store, which is gaining popularity day after day.

  • Enhancing the nutritional status of girls by reducing the number of underweight and anaemic girls under 5 years of age
  • Ensure that girls attend and receive fair treatment, using the ICDS NRHM Mother-Child protection Cards.[3]
  • Increase the enrolment of a girl child in secondary education.
  • In every school, this scheme provides a girl’s bathroom.
  • The goal is to foster a protective atmosphere for children through the introduction of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences
  • Train Elected Representatives/Functionaries of Grassroot as Community Champions to unite communities to strengthen CSR and promote girls’ education.
  • Elimination of gender disparities and infant mortality
  • Raising the sex ratio at birth (SRB)
  • We are creating a sustainable social mobilisation and communication strategy to shift society’s norms to create equal respect for the girl child.
  • Mobilising and inspiring front-line workers’ teams as catalysts for social change in collaboration with local community/women/youth groups;
  • Capacity building of Panchayati Raj Institutions/Urban local bodies-especially panchayat women/urban local body members, community building and peer support to make panchayats/urban offices child friendly.
  • Able to open an account for a little girl to alleviate the financial burden and get the money for her little needs.
  • The government pays the highest interest rate for all small savers under the BBBP programme. With it, you can save more money for the daughter in the future.
  • This account is exempted under the Act 1961 u/s 80C. The girl’s account will be tax-free. This means that no money shall be deducted from the account in the form of tax.

BBBP is targeted at women and focuses on empowerment and the advancement of women. The decreasing proportion of girls in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR) is the key predictor of women’s disempowerment. CSR involves both pre-birth inequalities, characterised by gender-preferred sex selection and post-birth disparity against a girl child. Social prejudice against girls and simple affordability and abuse of diagnostic equipment has resulted in a substantial decrease in the proportion of girls in CSR due to female child feticide.[4]
The best part of this plan- The account will mature when the girl reaches 21 years from the time the account is opened. She can obtain funding for higher education only at the age of 18. If she is 21, you are going to be able to draw money from her marriage account. The account shall have a maximum term of 21 years. The BBBP scheme’s goal is to clarify to people that girls’ education and marriage are not a burden on their parents. You will pay for your daughter to be married to the money saved on this account. This scheme provides the child with full financial stability. After your daughter has completed 21 years from the time the account is opened, the full sum will be credited to her account after any interest has been applied to her account.
Criticism:-BBBP is much talked about these days and, with such high expectations from this social campaign, it needs much civic help for the extension and implementation of the various goals that BBBP is promising to achieve. Many social and cultural norms such as Sati, feticide, domestic violence and child marriage make it more difficult for BBBP to remove such harsh notions from people’s minds. People need to trust BBBP to support its activities and objectives. With the relocation of BBBP officials and administrators to various other offices every now and then, campaign followers also have loose links with new faces and weak relationships. The long-drawn problem lies in the basic thinking of Indian society, which sees its females as inferior, adding little value to family households. BBBP has not yet visibly worked on this primary issue. In a world where people are hungry for results and do not care about many initiatives, BBBP has struggled to include reliable figures and how they expect to carry out their plans in the future.[5]


The BBBP mission focuses on the protection and strengthening of women’s rights. People are becoming more sensitive, and a number of Indian girls are taking accolades to the nation and becoming famous at the international level. As a result, people should avoid discriminating between the girl and the boy child and equally embrace both sexes. The purpose of this programme is to eradicate the social stigma that favours a male child in society and improve the status of a girl child through safety and education. This scheme is not a medication that treats an illness, but it is a helpful plan. It can only be effective if we sponsor it.
However, people still have the old school mindset that girls are more of a burden, and that is why different people started having the child’s sex determined before it was born and aborting the baby in the womb itself. This practice is more common in rural areas and villages, while urban areas are not entirely unaffected. The primary reason behind the still-practice is the rise in the crime against women. Girls are never taught to be independent and to fight for their rights. They have been taught to make compromises since childhood; first for their brother and father when they are young, compromise for their husbands, their in-laws, marriage, and later compromise for their sons and their families, etc. This pattern leaves girls insecure and prone to crime. They do not have the confidence to show their will and fight for their rights. In order to make the BBBP mission a success, we must first teach current girls how to be strong and self-willed and, more importantly, willing to make decisions about their own lives.
There is a need to change the mindset and think (especially parents) of the girl child forever, so that she, too, can have the same opportunity after birth as protection, health care, education, etc. In this way, a girl’s child may be an autonomous entity, not a burden on her parents. “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)campaign has essentially begun to promote the protection of the boy. There are a few people who still discriminate between a girl and a boy. However, the truth is, a girl’s child is no less than a baby. In reality, at present, girls are bringing a lot of tribute to their family and nation as a whole in every field, including sports, politics, entertainment, corporate affairs, etc.[6]



[1] the author is a student of National Law University, Odisha

[2] Gupta, R., Nimesh, R., Singal, G. L., Bhalla, P., & Prinja, S. (2018). Effectiveness of India’s National Programme to save the girl child: experience of Beti Bachao Beti Padao (B3P) programme from Haryana State. Health policy and planning, 33(7), 870-876.

[3] Saini, V., & Sangwan, S. (2018). Awareness on Gender Empowerment and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Through Intervention. IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature6(1), 227-234.

[4] Saini, V., & Sangwan, S. (2018). Awareness on Gender Empowerment and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Through Intervention. IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Literature6(1), 227-234.

[5] Bhat, B. A., & Qurashi, G. U. D. (2019). Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao: International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Scientific Research (IJAMSR) ISSN: 2581-4281, 2 (3), March, 2019,# Art. 1313, pp 13-21. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Scientific Research (IJAMSR) ISSN, 2581(4281), 2.

[6] Parmar, M. S., & Sharma, A. (2020). Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Campaign: An Attempt to Social Empowerment. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(13), 1242-1248.


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